1injury or detriment to one’s legal rights or claims (as from the action of another): as
   a substantial impairment of a defendant’s ability to defend 

  • the court found no prejudiceto the defendant by the lengthy delay in bringing charges
   b tendency for a decision on an improper basis (as past conduct) by a trier of fact

  • whether an ex parte communication to a deliberating jury resulted in any reasonable possibility of prejudice to the defendant
  •  —National Law Journal
   c implied waiver of rights and privileges not explicitly retained

  • District Court erred in attaching prejudice to prisoner’s complaint for injunctive relief
  • National Law Journal
2a final and binding decision (as an adjudication on the merits) that bars further prosecution of the same cause of action or  motion 

  • dismisses this case with prejudice
  • the dismissal was without prejudice
3  a an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, a group, a race, or their supposed characteristics

  • the Constitution does not prohibit laws based on prejudice per se
  •  —R. H. Bork
   b an attitude or disposition (as of a judge) that prevents impartiality

  • that the judge before whom the matter is pending has a personal bias or prejudice…against him
  •  —U.S. Code