Wilson County, TN Circuit Court
Wilson County, TN Circuit Court

Verdict

Verdict

1: the usually unanimous finding or decision of a jury on one or more matters (as counts of an indictment or complaint) submitted to it in trial that ordinarily in civil actions is for the plaintiff or for the defendant and in criminal actions is guilty or not guilty — compare judgment 1a

compromise verdict

: a verdict produced not by sincere unanimous agreement on guilt or liability but by an improper surrender of individual convictions; specifically : an impermissible verdict by a jury that is unable to agree on liability and so compromises on an award of damages that is less than what it should be if the plaintiff has a right of recovery free from any doubts
directed verdict

1: a verdict granted by the court when the party with the burden of proof has failed to present sufficient evidence of a genuine issue of material fact that must be submitted to a jury for its resolution : judgment as a matter of law at judgment 1a

  • the order of the court granting a motion for a directed verdict is effective without any assent of the jury
  • Massachusetts Rules of Civil Procedure Rule 50(a)
Note: Under Rule 50 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, judgment as a matter of law has replaced directed verdict in federal practice.
2: a verdict of acquittal ordered by the court on the ground that the evidence is not sufficient to support a conviction when viewed in the light most favorable to the prosecution : judgment of acquittal at judgment 1a

Note: Under Rule 29 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, the term judgment of acquittal has replaced directed verdict in federal practice.
directed verdict of acquittal

: directed verdict in this entry
excessive verdict

: a verdict that awards damages grossly disproportionate to injury and shocks the court’s sense of justice and that may be remedied by a lessening of damages or a new trial — see also remittitur
general verdict

: a verdict that is either for the plaintiff or for the defendant and is often returned with answers to interrogatories on questions of fact

  • where there exists a conflict between the general verdict and the interrogatories, the trial court may determine that the answers to the interrogatories prevail
  • Berk v. Matthews, 559 N.E.2d 1301 (1990) 
instructed verdict

: directed verdict in this entry
partial verdict

1: a verdict in which a jury does not find all of the defendants in a trial to be guilty
2 a : a verdict that finds a defendant guilty on some counts and not guilty on others
b : a verdict in which a jury is unable to reach or has not yet reached agreement on all of the offenses under consideration

Note: The acceptance of partial verdicts before a jury is finished with deliberations may interfere with the deliberative process; having a jury achieve unanimity on a higher charge first discourages compromise verdicts on lesser included offenses. In some jurisdictions it has been considered proper to afford the jury the opportunity to render a partial verdict of acquittal on a higher charge to avoid declaring a mistrial because of a hopeless deadlock only on a lesser included offense; such a verdict would prevent double jeopardy on the higher charge.
quotient verdict \ˈkwō-shənt-\

: a usually impermissible verdict that is based on a numerical average of the amounts written down by jurors (as percentages of fault in a comparative negligence case); specifically : a verdict that awards damages based on the average of the sums written down by the jurors under an agreement that all will be bound by the average figure

  • quotient verdicts are invalid and constitute grounds for a mistrial
  • repugnant verdict

: an impermissible verdict that contradicts itself since the defendant is convicted and acquitted of different crimes having identical elements in the same transaction used chiefly in New York
responsive verdict \ri-ˈspän-siv-\

: a verdict that responds to the indictment and accords with statutorily prescribed findings for a particular charge that include guilty, not guilty, and guilty of a prescribed lesser included offense used in Louisiana

Note: A responsive verdict of guilty on a lesser included offense must be supported by the evidence.
special verdict

: a verdict that consists of specific findings of fact (as of liability) in response to interrogatories, that often includes determinations of damages, and that is used by the court in the formation of a judgment — compare general verdict in this entry
2: an amount awarded in a verdict

  • reduced the verdict
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